Lottery is an arrangement in which prizes are allocated to winners by chance among persons buying a ticket. It may be used for public or private purposes, and the prize money is usually set before the lottery is run. The word is derived from Italian lotteria or French loterie and probably from Old English hlot (compare Dutch lot).
People who play the lottery do it for fun and some believe that winning the lottery, however unlikely, will give them a new start in life. Others, though, go in with clear-eyed knowledge of the odds and still buy tickets because they are driven by this inextricable human impulse to gamble. These folks often develop quote-unquote systems that are not based on statistical reasoning, such as lucky numbers or stores or times of day to buy tickets, and they hold out the desperate hope that they will be one of the few who will win.
Lotteries are a popular method of raising funds, and they are easy to organize, inexpensive to operate, and very attractive to the general public. The first European lotteries in the modern sense of the word appeared in 15th-century Burgundy and Flanders with towns trying to raise money to fortify defenses or aid the poor. Francis I of France allowed the establishment of lotteries for private and public profit in several cities between 1520 and 1539. Possibly the first European public lottery to award money prizes was the Ventura, which ran from 1476 in the city-state of Modena under the patronage of the ruling d’Este family (see House of Este). Lotteries are also common in colonial America and have been credited with financing roads, libraries, churches, canals, bridges, colleges, and universities.